Noninfectious mixed cryoglobulinaemic glomerulonephritis and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance: a coincidental association?
Adam L Flavell, Robert O Fullinfaw, Edward R Smith, Stephen G Holt, Moira J Finlay, Thomas D Barbour
BMC Nephrology | BMC | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Cryoglobulins are cold-precipitable immunoglobulins that may cause systemic vasculitis including cryoglobulinaemic glomerulonephritis (CGN). Type 1 cryoglobulins consist of isolated monoclonal immunoglobulin (mIg), whereas mixed cryoglobulins are typically immune complexes comprising either monoclonal (type 2) or polyclonal (type 3) Ig with rheumatoid activity against polyclonal IgG. Only CGN related to type 1 cryoglobulins has been clearly associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) using the conventional serum-, urine- or tissue-based methods of paraprotein detection. CASE PRESENTATION: We present four patients with noninfectious mixed (type 2 or 3..View full abstract
TDB is supported through a Jacquot research foundation award.