Journal article

Sarcopenia Definitions and Outcomes Consortium (SDOC) Criteria are Strongly Associated With Malnutrition, Depression, Falls, and Fractures in High-Risk Older Persons

Ben Kirk, Jesse Zanker, Ebrahim Bani Hassan, Stefanie Bird, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Gustavo Duque

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL DIRECTORS ASSOCIATION | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia Definitions and Outcomes Consortium (SDOC) provides cut-points based on muscle weakness (low grip strength) and slowness (poor gait speed) for low-risk populations; however, it is unknown if these criteria apply to high-risk populations. We examined the association between SDOC criteria and important health status indicators in high-risk older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 356 community-dwelling older persons (median age: 79 years, interquartile range: 73, 83; 75.2% women) attending a falls and fractures clinic in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Grip strength (hydraulic dynamometer) and gait speed (over 4 m) were used to define sarcop..

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Funding Acknowledgements

The authors thank the participants and the Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS) for providing support for this study. The authors also thank Steven Phu and Solange Bernardo for assisting with data collection.