A Comparison of Gambling-Related Cognitions and Behaviors in Gamblers from the United States and Spain
Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Iris M Balodis, Cristina Vintro-Alcaraz, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jose M Menchon, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Marc N Potenza
Journal of Gambling Studies | SPRINGER | Published : 2020
Few studies have compared the clinical characteristics of gambling disorder (GD) from a cross-cultural perspective. In the present study, we aimed to examine differences in gambling-related cognitions, gambling preferences, GD severity and other clinical and sociodemographic variables in individuals with GD in the United States and Spain. Two groups of participants with GD (from the United States of America (US; n = 109) and Spain (n = 243) were compared using the South Oaks gambling screen and the gambling-related cognitions scale. In Spain, the prevalence of participants who reported only non-strategic gambling preferences was higher, whereas in the US, participants tended to engage in a w..View full abstract
Awarded by Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad
Awarded by Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad
Awarded by Ministerio de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte
Financial support was received through the Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (Grant PSI2011-28349 and PSI2015-68701-R). FIS PI14/00290, FIS PI17/01167 received aid from the Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. CIBER Fisiologia Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBERobn) and CIBER Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), both of which are initiatives of ISCIII. We thank CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya for institutional support. Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) "Una manera de hacer Europa"/"a way to build Europe". Investigacion subvencionada por la Delegacion del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (2017I067). GMB was supported by a postdoctoral grant from FUNCIVA. CVA is supported each one by a predoctoral Grant of the Ministerio de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte (FPU16/01453). Dr. Potenza's involvement was supported by a National Center for Responsible Gaming Center of Excellence grant and by the Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling and the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.