Journal article

Separation of Aluminum and Iron from Lanthanum-A Comparative Study of Solvent Extraction and Hydrolysis-Precipitation

Adam Balinski, Norman Kelly, Toni Helbig, Christina Meskers, Markus Andreas Reuter

Minerals | MDPI AG | Published : 2020

Abstract

This study investigates the removal of aluminum and iron from rare earth element (REE) containing solutions by solvent extraction with saponified naphthenic acid and by hydrolysis-precipitation. The results emphasize both, the preferential application as well as limitations of every method. We find that emulsification occurring during the solvent extraction of aluminum is caused by its slow extraction rate in comparison to the neutralization reaction and by the proximity of the pH value required for aluminum extraction and the pH value at which hydrolysis of aluminum occurs. However, by choosing a long shaking time of at least 4 h, the emulsion recedes. The formation of emulsion can be avoid..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by BMBF (Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany)


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the BMBF (Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany); funding number: 033R132A.