Journal article

Early childhood attachment stability and change: a meta-analysis

Jessica E Opie, Jennifer E McIntosh, Timothy B Esler, Robbie Duschinsky, Carol George, Allan Schore, Emily J Kothe, Evelyn S Tan, Christopher J Greenwood, Craig A Olsson

ATTACHMENT & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Examining degrees of stability in attachment throughout early childhood is important for understanding developmental pathways and for informing intervention. Updating and building upon all prior meta-analyses, this study aimed to determine levels of stability in all forms of attachment classifications across early childhood. Attachment stability was assessed between three developmental epochs within early childhood: infancy, toddlerhood, and preschool/early school. To ensure data homogeneity, only studies that assessed attachment with methods based on the strange situation procedure were included. Results indicate moderate levels of stability at both the four-way (secure, avoidant, resistant..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council


Awarded by Medical Humanities Investigator Award from the Wellcome Trust


Funding Acknowledgements

Jessica Opie was supported by the Deakin University Postgraduate Research Scholarship and the Gowrie Scholarship Fund of the Australian National University. Craig Olsson is supported by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Investigator Grant with Fellowship [Grant Number: APP1175086]. Work on this paper by Robbie Duschinsky was supported by a Medical Humanities Investigator Award from the Wellcome Trust [Grant Number WT103343MA].