Opioid Use and Total Joint Replacement.
Cade Shadbolt, Chris Schilling, Maria C Inacio, J Haxby Abbott, Yana Pryymachenko, Ross Wilson, Peter FM Choong, Michelle M Dowsey
Current Rheumatology Reports | Published : 2020
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We provide an overview of recent research into the relationship between preoperative opioid use and total joint replacement outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings indicate that total joint replacement patients with a history of preoperative opioid use experience higher rates of infection, revision, short-term complications, and prolonged postoperative opioid use, along with fewer improvements in pain and function following surgery. These risks are particularly pronounced among chronic opioid users. While the baseline risk profiles of these patients may contribute to higher rates of adverse outcomes, it is also plausible that certain outcomes are directly impacted by op..View full abstract