Journal article

Galectin-7 Impairs Placentation and Causes Preeclampsia Features in Mice

Ellen Menkhorst, Wei Zhou, Leilani L Santos, Sarah Delforce, Teresa So, Kate Rainczuk, Hannah Loke, Argyro Syngelaki, Swati Varshney, Nicholas Williamson, Kirsty Pringle, Morag J Young, Kypros H Nicolaides, Yves St-Pierre, Eva Dimitriadis

Hypertension | American Heart Association | Published : 2020

Abstract

Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy-induced disorder unique to humans. The etiology of preeclampsia is poorly understood; however, poor placental formation is thought causal. Galectin-7 is produced by trophoblast and is elevated in first-trimester serum of women who subsequently develop preeclampsia. We hypothesized that elevated placental galectin-7 may be causative of preeclampsia. Here, we demonstrated increased galectin-7 production in chorionic villous samples from women who subsequently develop preterm preeclampsia compared with uncomplicated pregnancies. In vitro, galectin-7 impaired human first-trimester trophoblast outgrowth, increased placental production of the antiangiogenic sFlt..

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