Journal article

Early parenting is associated with the developing brains of children born very preterm

Karli Treyvaud, Deanne K Thompson, Claire E Kelly, Wai Yen Loh, Terrie E Inder, Jeanie LY Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson

The Clinical Neuropsychologist | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2020


OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between parenting and brain structure and growth in children born very preterm (VPT). METHODS: Participants were 118 children born VPT (<30weeks' gestation or <1,250 g birth weight) and their parents. Parenting behavior was observed at 2 years' corrected age. Brain magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed at term equivalent age and 7 years' corrected age with brain volumes and white matter microstructure analyzed. RESULTS: More sensitive parenting at 2 years was associated with larger basal ganglia volumes at 7 years for boys, greater growth in basal ganglia volume from term to 7 years, and greater growth in amygdala volume growth for boys. More intrus..

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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (Project Grants 237117 & 491209; Centre of Research Excellence in Newborn Medicine 1060733; Senior Research Fellowship 1081288 to P.J.A; Leadership Grant 1176077 to P.J.A.; Career Development Fellowship 1085754 to D.K.T; Career Development Fellowship 1141354 to J.L.Y.C); The Royal Women's Hospital Research Foundation; the Brockhoff Foundation; the Murdoch Children's Research Institute; Royal Children's Hospital Foundation; and the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program.