Intravenous dexamethasone for extubation of newborn infants.
PG Davis, DJ Henderson-Smart
Cochrane Database Syst Rev | Published : 2000
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal tubes are foreign bodies that may injure the upper airway causing laryngeal edema. This in turn may result in failure of extubation in preterm infants. Corticosteroids have been used prophylactically to reduce upper airway obstruction and facilitate extubation. OBJECTIVES: In newborn infants having their endotracheal tube removed following a period of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV), what are the effects of intravenous corticosteroids on the incidence of endotracheal reintubation, stridor, atelectasis and adverse side effects? SEARCH STRATEGY: Searches were made of the Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials, Medline (MeSH search terms "dexamethasone", ..View full abstract