Journal article

Oxidative damage of proline residues by nitrate radicals (NO3): a kinetic and product study

Joses G Nathanael, Jonathan M White, Annika Richter, Madison R Nuske, Uta Wille

ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY | ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Tertiary amides, such as in N-acylated proline or N-methyl glycine residues, react rapidly with nitrate radicals (NO3˙) with absolute rate coefficients in the range of 4-7 × 108 M-1 s-1 in acetonitrile. The major pathway proceeds through oxidative electron transfer (ET) at nitrogen, whereas hydrogen abstraction is only a minor contributor under these conditions. However, steric hindrance at the amide, for example by alkyl side chains at the α-carbon, lowers the rate coefficient by up to 75%, indicating that NO3˙-induced oxidation of amide bonds proceeds through initial formation of a charge transfer complex. Furthermore, the rate of oxidative damage of proline and N-methyl glycine is signifi..

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