Journal article

Inhibition of purinergic P2X receptor 7 (P2X7R) decreases granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) expression in U251 glioblastoma cells

Matthew Drill, Kim L Powell, Liyen Katrina Kan, Nigel C Jones, Terence J O'Brien, John A Hamilton, Mastura Monif

Scientific Reports | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2020

Abstract

Glioblastoma is the most aggressive form of primary brain cancer, with a median survival of 12-15 months. The P2X receptor 7 (P2X7R) is upregulated in glioblastoma and is associated with increased tumor cell proliferation. The cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is also upregulated in glioblastoma and has been shown to have both pro- and anti-tumor functions. This study investigates the potential mechanism linking P2X7R and GM-CSF in the U251 glioblastoma cell line and the therapeutic potential of P2X7R antagonism in this setting. P2X7R protein and mRNA was demonstrated to be expressed in the U251 cell line as assessed by immunocytochemistry and qPCR. Its chann..

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