What types of enzyme activities are useful biomarkers of bifenthrin exposure on Chironomus sp. (Diptera, Chironomidae) larvae under laboratory and field-based microcosm conditions?
Maria L Ballesteros, Rhianna L Boyle, Claudette R Kellar, Karina SB Miglioranza, Maria A Bistoni, Vincent Pettigrove, Sara M Long
Aquatic Toxicology | Published : 2020
Bifenthrin is a second generation synthetic pyrethroid insecticide that is widely used in Australia and worldwide. It is frequently found in urban freshwater sediments at concentrations likely to impact biota as it is highly toxic to fish and macroinvertebrates, such as chironomids. Our main goal was to evaluate if oxidative stress and hydrolase enzymes are useful biomarkers of effect of synthetic pyrethroids exposure under different scenarios. Chironomus tepperi larvae (5 days old) were exposed to sub-lethal sediment concentrations of bifenthrin for 5 days under controlled laboratory conditions. A field-based microcosm exposure with bifenthrin-spiked sediments (using the same concentrations..View full abstract