Journal article

Augmentation of Pulmonary Arterial Growth in Single Ventricle Patients by Interim Selective Shunts

Cameron S Seaman, Yves d'Udekem, Bryn O Jones, Christian PR Brizard, Michael MH Cheung

SEMINARS IN THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY | ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

Stenosis or diffuse hypoplasia of central pulmonary arteries (PA) is common in patients with single ventricle physiology, often requiring surgical patching. Such repairs are prone to failure, particularly with low pressure venous flow (bidirectional cavopulmonary connection or Fontan). We describe our experience of disconnection of central PA and selective systemic-PA shunt to the hypoplastic vessel. Single ventricle patients (n = 12) with diffuse left pulmonary artery (LPA) hypoplasia (LPA:right pulmonary artery diameter <0.7) underwent PA disconnection (ligation clip) and selective arterial shunt to the LPA. Patients with ≤mild atrioventricular valve regurgitation, and no more than mild sy..

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