Journal article

The Development of Pacemaker Programming: Memories From a Bygone Era

Harry G Mond

HEART LUNG AND CIRCULATION | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

Programmability is a stable, reversible change in the operating parameters of a cardiac implantable electronic device. The era of non-invasive programming began in 1972, with the development of a dedicated hand-held battery-operated device. Prior to this, there had been crude attempts, involving invasive procedures or a magnet, to change the pacemaker operating parameters. A non-invasive programming system requires an implanted pulse generator and an external programmer, communicating via an energy link. This was initially a pulsed magnetic field allowing opening and closing of a reed switch in the pulse generator in synchrony with the pulses. Soon after, radiofrequency communication was int..

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