Journal article

The Chilean exception: racial homogeneity, mestizaje and eugenic nationalism

Sarah Walsh

Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2019


Scholarship on race in Latin America has overwhelmingly characterized racial mixture as a unique feature of the political and social landscape there. Studies of eugenics in Latin America especially highlight the relative pragmatism regarding race mixing in contrast to eugenics elsewhere. However, an acceptance of race mixing did not preclude the persistence of racial hierarchy among Latin American racial theorists. Examining the development of eugenics in Chile, this article reveals how notions of racial plasticity existed alongside that of racial superiority. Specifically, it contends that Chilean racial exceptionalism in the early twentieth century was predicated on the idea that some type..

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Awarded by European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union

Funding Acknowledgements

The research for this article was conducted via a project funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme grant agreement No. AdG 695,573 - The Colour of Labour (PI: Cristiana Bastos).