Journal article

Impact of overweight and obesity on life expectancy, quality-adjusted life years and lifetime costs in the adult population of Ghana

Stella Lartey, Lei Si, Thomas Lung, Costan G Magnussen, Godfred O Boateng, Nadia Minicuci, Paul Kowal, Alison Hayes, Barbara de Graaff, Leigh Blizzard, Andrew J Palmer

BMJ Global Health | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have revealed the increasing prevalence of obesity and its associated health effects among ageing adults in resource poor countries. However, no study has examined the long-term and economic impact of overweight and obesity in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, we quantified the long-term impact of overweight and obesity on life expectancy (LE), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and total direct healthcare costs. METHODS: A Markov simulation model projected health and economic outcomes associated with three categories of body mass index (BMI): healthy weight (18.5≤BMI <25.0); overweight (25.0≤BMI < 30.0) and obese (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2) in simulated adult cohorts over a ..

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Grants

Awarded by Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Australian Research Council


Awarded by National Heart Foundation of Australia Future Leader Fellowship


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Early Career Fellowship


Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship


Awarded by National Heart Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship


Awarded by US National Institute on Aging's Division of Behavioural and Social Science Research


Funding Acknowledgements

AJP is funded by the Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Australian Research Council (CE170100005). The National Heart Foundation of Australia Future Leader Fellowship (100849) supports CGM. LS is supported by an National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Early Career Fellowship (grant number: GNT1139826). GOB is funded by the College of Nursing and Health Innovations. BdG is funded by the Menzies Community Fellowship. TL is currently supported by an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (APP1141392) and National Heart Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship (award ID 101956). The Study on global AGEing and adult health Wave 2 was supported by WHO and the US National Institute on Aging's Division of Behavioural and Social Science Research through Interagency Agreements (OGHA 04034785; YA1323-08--CN-0020; Y1--AG-1005-01) with WHO. Financial and in--kind support has come from the University of Ghana's Department of Community Health.