Journal article

Distinct phenolic, alkaloid and antioxidant profile in betel quids from four regions of Indonesia

Elizabeth Fitriana Sari, Grace Puspita Prayogo, Yit Tao Loo, Pangzhen Zhang, Michael John McCullough, Nicola Cirillo

Scientific Reports | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2020

Abstract

Betel quid (BQ) is a chewing mixed package that mainly contains areca nut (AN), betel leaf (Leaf) or betel stem inflorescence (SI), and slaked lime, and is consumed with or without tobacco BQ chewing is common in South East Asia and has been strongly associated with malignant and potentially malignant diseases of the oral cavity. Alkaloids such as arecoline are often accounted for the carcinogenic potential of BQ, however the chemical composition of BQ has not been studied in detail. In the current study, we investigated the total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant activity (by mean of ferric reducing antioxidant power, FRAP), radical scavenging activity (DPPH test), polyphenolic profile an..

View full abstract

Grants

Awarded by Australian Dental Research Foundation Inc


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge a collaborative research between Melbourne Dental School with School of Agriculture and Food, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne. This research was funded by the Australian Dental Research Foundation Inc (Grant ID: 109-2016) and Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).