Relationship between jumping to conclusions and clinical outcomes in people at clinical high-risk for psychosis.
Ana Catalan, Stefania Tognin, Matthew J Kempton, Daniel Stahl, Gonzalo Salazar de Pablo, Barnaby Nelson, Christos Pantelis, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Rodrigo Bressan, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Marie-Odile Krebs, Merete Nordentoft, Stephan Ruhrmann, Gabriele Sachs, Bart PF Rutten, Jim van Os, Lieuwe de Haan, Mark van der Gaag, undefined EU-GEI High Risk Study, Lucia R Valmaggia Show all
Psychol Med | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Psychosis is associated with a reasoning bias, which manifests as a tendency to 'jump to conclusions'. We examined this bias in people at clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR) and investigated its relationship with their clinical outcomes. METHODS: In total, 303 CHR subjects and 57 healthy controls (HC) were included. Both groups were assessed at baseline, and after 1 and 2 years. A 'beads' task was used to assess reasoning bias. Symptoms and level of functioning were assessed using the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States scale (CAARMS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), respectively. During follow up, 58 (16.1%) of the CHR group developed psychosis (C..View full abstract