Journal article

Improved treatment of dark matter capture in neutron stars

Nicole F Bell, Giorgio Busoni, Sandra Robles, Michael Virgato

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics | IOP Publishing | Published : 2020


Neutron stars provide a cosmic laboratory to study the nature of dark matter particles and their interactions. Dark matter can be captured by neutron stars via scattering, where kinetic energy is transferred to the star. This can have a number of observational consequences, such as the heating of old neutron stars to infra-red temperatures. Previous treatments of the capture process have employed various approximation or simplifications. We present here an improved treatment of dark matter capture, valid for a wide dark matter mass range, that correctly incorporates all relevant physical effects. These include gravitational focusing, a fully relativistic scattering treatment, Pauli blocking,..

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Funding Acknowledgements

NFB and SR were supported by the Australian Research Council and MV by the Commonwealth of Australia.