Journal article

Age and gender differences in the reciprocal relationship between social connectedness and mental health.

Kim M Kiely, Georgina Sutherland, Peter Butterworth, Nicola J Reavley

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology: the international journal for research in social and genetic epidemiology and mental health services | Springer | Published : 2021


PURPOSE: To examine (i) reciprocal longitudinal associations between social connectedness and mental health, and (ii) how these associations vary by age and gender. METHODS: Three waves of nationally representative data were drawn from the HILDA survey (n = 11,523; 46% men). The five-item Mental Health Inventory (MHI-5) assessed symptoms of depression and anxiety. The Australian Community Participation Questionnaire provided measures of informal social connectedness, civic engagement and political participation. Multivariable adjusted cross-lagged panel regression models with random intercepts estimated bidirectional within-person associations between mental health and each of the three type..

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