Journal article

Associations between early life stress and anterior pituitary gland volume development during late childhood

Paige Farrow, Julian G Simmons, Elena Pozzi, Carmela Diaz-Arteche, Sally Richmond, Katherine Bray, Orli Schwartz, Sarah Whittle

Psychoneuroendocrinology | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Early Life Stress (ELS) is thought to influence Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal-Axis (HPAA) functioning, contributing to an increased risk for psychopathology through dysregulation of biological stress responses. Research exploring relationships between ELS and HPAA functioning has largely focused on its key hormonal output, cortisol. However, findings have been inconsistent, potentially due to cortisol's distinctive diurnal patterns and dynamic nature complicating its accurate measurement. Thus, this study explored the link between ELS and a more stable, structural component of the HPAA, specifically, anterior pituitary gland volume (PGV) in a community sample of children (N = 129, 68 female..

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