Journal article

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for respiratory distress in preterm infants

Jacqueline J Ho, Prema Subramaniam, Peter G Davis

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress, particularly respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is the single most important cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. In infants with progressive respiratory insufficiency, intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) with surfactant has been the usual treatment, but it is invasive, potentially resulting in airway and lung injury. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress, as well as for the prevention of apnoea, and in weaning from IPPV. Its use in the treatment of RDS might reduce the need for IPPV and its sequelae. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of continuous d..

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