Journal article

Adsorption of Blood Components to Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) Surfaces in Humans: A Systematic Review

Sam Callaghan, Tengyi Cai, Conor McCafferty, Suelyn Van Den Helm, Steve Horton, Graeme MacLaren, Paul Monagle, Vera Ignjatovic

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE | MDPI | Published : 2020

Abstract

The accumulation of blood proteins and cells on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits has been proposed as a contributing factor to the coagulopathic state of many patients. This systematic review aims to summarize and discuss the existing knowledge of blood components binding to the ECMO circuits in human patients. A systematic review was conducted using the Medline, PubMed and Embase databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Seven studies were included in this review. Three studies identified a leukocyte adhesion, three studies observed von Willebrand factor accumulation and four studies identified bound pl..

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