The long-term consequences of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on later life cognitive function and dementia risk.
Dinuli Nilaweera, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Chaudieu, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Joanne Ryan
Psychiatry Research | Published : 2020
Stress may be a risk factor for dementia, however it is unknown whether post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older individuals. The aim was to determine whether lifetime major trauma with and without re-experiencing of PTSD symptoms is associated with later-life cognition and dementia risk. Participants were 1,700 community-dwelling older adults (65+) in the longitudinal ESPRIT study followed over 14 years. Lifetime major traumatic exposure and PTSD were assessed using Watson's PTSD Inventory. Cognitive tests assessed global cognition, visual memory, verbal fluency, psychomotor speed and executive function. Incident dement..View full abstract