Betaine and Isoquinoline Alkaloids Protect against Heat Stress and Colonic Permeability in Growing Pigs
Hieu Huu Le, Majid Shakeri, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria, Weicheng Zhao, Rachel Mai McQuade, Deborah Jayne Phillips, Eva Vidacs, John Barton Furness, Frank Rowland Dunshea, Valeria Artuso-Ponte, Jeremy James Cottrell
ANTIOXIDANTS | MDPI | Published : 2020
Heat stress (HS) compromises productivity of pork production, in part as a result of increased oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, particularly within the gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed to investigate whether plant-derived betaine and isoquinoline alkaloids could ameliorate HS in pigs. Fifty female Large White × Landrace grower pigs, which were acclimated to control (CON), control plus betaine (BET), or control plus isoquinoline alkaloids (IQA) diets for 14 days were then exposed to heat stress or thermoneutral condition. Both BET and IQA partially ameliorated increases in respiration rate (p = 0.013) and rectal temperature (p = 0.001) associated with HS conditions. Heat s..View full abstract
This study was funded by Phytobiotics Futterzusatzstoffe GmbH and H.H.L. is a recipient of a stipend from the Vietnam International Education Cooperation Department (VIED), The University of Melbourne and Australia Pork Limited (APL).