Mechanisms underlying host persistence following amphibian disease emergence determine appropriate management strategies
Laura A Brannelly, Hamish I McCallum, Laura F Grogan, Cheryl J Briggs, Maria P Ribas, Matthijs Hollanders, Thais Sasso, Mariel Familiar Lopez, David A Newell, Auston M Kilpatrick
Ecology Letters | Wiley | Published : 2021
Emerging infectious diseases have caused many species declines, changes in communities and even extinctions. There are also many species that persist following devastating declines due to disease. The broad mechanisms that enable host persistence following declines include evolution of resistance or tolerance, changes in immunity and behaviour, compensatory recruitment, pathogen attenuation, environmental refugia, density-dependent transmission and changes in community composition. Here we examine the case of chytridiomycosis, the most important wildlife disease of the past century. We review the full breadth of mechanisms allowing host persistence, and synthesise research on host, pathogen,..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian Research Council
Awarded by National Science Foundation
This manuscript resulted from a workshop on 'persistence mechanisms' held at Griffith University, Queensland, Australia, in February 2019, funded by a Griffith University International Workshop Award. Additional funding was provided by Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award DE180101395 to LAB; National Science Foundation grants DEB-1336290, DEB-1115895, DEB-1717498 to AMK; Australian Research Council Discovery Project DP180101415 to HIM, DAN, LFG. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.