Journal article

Bullying Across Late Childhood and Early Adolescence: A Prospective Cohort of Students Assessed Annually From Grades 3 to 8

Shinya Fujikawa, Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, George C Patton



OBJECTIVE: Bullying is a well-established risk factor for common adolescent mental disorders. Yet there has been little published on how patterns of bullying change across late childhood and early adolescence. We estimated the prevalence and patterns of being a victim of bullying across this period including changes with the transition from primary to secondary school. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 1239 Grade 3 students was recruited from 43 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia. Bullying frequency and form were assessed annually between Grades 3 and 8, and categorized into 5 groups: physical, verbal, spreading rumors, social exclusion, and cyber, together with multiform bullying...

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Awarded by Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Awarded by JSPS of Japan

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by project grants from Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; #1010018, #1122189). Murdoch Children's Research Institute research is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Program. G.P. is supported by a Senior Principal Research Fellowship from NHMRC. S.F. was also supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (JP16H01689, 23118001, 23118002, and 23118004 "Adolescent Mind & Self-Regulation"; JP16H06395, 16H06398, 16H06399, and 16K21720, "Personalized Value Development through Adolescence") from the JSPS of Japan. The funding sources had no role in study design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, in the writing of the report, and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.