Thesis / Dissertation

Investigating the DNA methylation profiles of children with oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)

Raul Antonio Chavez Valencia, Jeffrey Craig (ed.)

Published : 2019

Abstract

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a complex autoimmune disease affecting children aged between 6 months and 16 years. JIA represents a group of 7 subtypes of disease, with the most common being oligoarticular JIA (oJIA). Despite a prevalence of up to 1 in 400, rates similar to those in T1D, JIA research is relatively sparse. Research into disease pathogenesis has largely focussed on genetic risk factors, and has also identified CD4+ T-cells as likely to mediate the autoimmune process. However, research is particularly needed regarding diagnosis and prognosis of disease and its outcomes. Currently, diagnosis is almost entirely dependent on clinical observation and history, with little in..

View full abstract