Journal article

Consent, capacity and compliance in concussion management: cave ergo medicus (let the doctor beware)

Michael Turner, David Maddocks, Majid Hassan, Adrian Anderson, Paul McCrory



While the acute effects of concussion and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) are well understood, the certainty in the medical literature regarding the long-term outcomes of sports-related concussion is limited. Long-term deficits that may result from single, repeated concussions, and possibly subconcussive impacts, include cognitive dysfunction, depression and executive dysfunction. Perhaps most troublingly, repetitive head impacts have been linked to neurodegenerative diseases, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), although the precise risk of long-term consequences remains unknown. CTE represents a distinct tauopathy with an unknown incidence in athletic populations; however, a..

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Funding Acknowledgements

DM is a coinvestigator in research on long-term follow-up of neuropsychological function in former Australian Rules Footballers, funded through the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health. He has a legal practice in medical law and has provided legal advice to professional sporting clubs and the Australian Football League (AFL). He is a member of the AFL Grievance Tribunal and the AFL Concussion Working Group. PM is a coinvestigator on competitive grants relating to mild TBI funded by several governmental and other organisations. He is funded under a Fellowship awarded by the National Health & Medical Research Council of Australia and is employed at the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health. He has a clinical consulting practice in neurology, including medicolegal work. He has been reimbursed by the government, professional scientific bodies and commercial organisations for discussing or presenting research relating to MTBI and sport-related concussion at meetings, scientific conferences and symposiums. He acknowledges unrestricted philanthropic support from CogState Inc (2001-2016). He is the chair of the scientific committees of the International Concussion and Head Injury Research Foundation in London and the Sports Surgery Clinic in Dublin. MT is employed by ICHIRF as CEO and Medical Director. He has been reimbursed by universities, scientific bodies, and commercial organizations for travel and accommodation related to presenting research relating to concussion at meetings, scientific conferences, and symposiums.