Journal article

Lymphedema distichiasis syndrome may be caused by FOXC2 promoter-enhancer dissociation and disruption of a topological associated domain

Mathew Wallis, Rachel Pope-Couston, Julia Mansour, David J Amor, Paisu Tang, Sharyn Stock-Myer

American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Lymphedema distichiasis syndrome (LDS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by lower limb lymphedema, distichiasis, and variable additional features. LDS is usually caused by heterozygous sequence variants in the FOXC2 gene located at 16q24, but in one previous instance LDS has resulted from a balanced reciprocal translocation with a breakpoint at 16q24, 120 kb distal to the FOXC2 gene suggesting a position effect. Here, we describe a second family with LDS caused by a translocation involving 16q24. The family were ascertained after detection of a paternally inherited balanced reciprocal translocation t(16;22)(q24;q13.1) in a pregnancy complicated by severe fetal hydrops. The..

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