Journal article

Pre-operative optimisation for hip and knee arthroplasty Minimise risk and maximise recovery

Chris Wall, Richard de Steiger

AfP | ROYAL AUSTRALIAN COLLEGE GENERAL PRACTITIONERS | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee is a common cause of pain and reduced mobility. Arthroplasty reliably improves quality of life for most patients when non-operative measures have failed. However, hip and knee arthroplasties are major operations that carry significant risks, including the need for revision surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to discuss pre-operative patient optimisation prior to arthroplasty to minimise risks and maximise recovery. DISCUSSION: Recent literature has identified a number of modifiable factors that increase the risk of post-operative complications following arthroplasty. These include obesity, diabetes, tobacco use, opioid use, anaemi..

View full abstract