Prophylactic Negative-pressure Dressings Reduce Wound Complications and Resource Burden After Emergency Laparotomies.
David S Liu, Chao Cheng, Rumana Islam, Mark Tacey, Ankur Sidhu, David Lam, Neil Strugnell
Journal of Surgical Research | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) and wound breakdown after emergency laparotomy are common. They incur significant patient morbidity and health care costs. Negative-pressure dressings (NPDs) applied over closed incisions may minimize wound complications. However, its utility in the emergency setting is unknown. Here, we examined whether prophylactic NPD reduces wound complications after emergency laparotomies. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of consecutive emergency laparotomies undertaken at a university hospital from January 2018 to October 2019. Outcomes included the rate of SSI, wound breakdown, hospital-outreach service utilization, wound-related readmissions, and lengt..View full abstract