Journal article

Increased incidence of glaucoma medication usage in middle-aged Australian males taking antiretroviral medication - a population-based study

Wen-Shen Lee, Shaun Parsons, Dean Cugley, Sophie Rogers, Lyndell L Lim, Anthony Hall

JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMIC INFLAMMATION AND INFECTION | SPRINGER | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To investigate a possible association between glaucoma and the use of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for HIV in the Australian population. METHODS: A retrospective review of Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data was undertaken from July 2012 to December 2016, inclusive. Three patient groups were compared: those on both topical intraocular pressure (IOP) -lowering medication and ART, those on ART only, and those on IOP-lowering medication only, using the 2016 Australian resident population to estimate prevalence. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals, [CI]) with Fishers exact test for p values were calculated stratified by age and gender. RESULTS: The number of prescriptio..

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