Journal article

Influences of GABAergic Inhibition in the Dorsal Medulla on Contralateral Swallowing Neurons in Rats

Shota Kinoshita, Yoichiro Sugiyama, Keiko Hashimoto, Shinya Fuse, Shigeyuki Mukudai, Toshiro Umezaki, Mathias Dutschmann, Shigeru Hirano

LARYNGOSCOPE | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the effect of unilateral inhibition of the medullary dorsal swallowing networks on the activities of swallowing-related cranial motor nerves and swallowing interneurons. METHODS: In 25 juvenile rats, we recorded bilateral vagal nerve activity (VNA) as well as unilateral phrenic and hypoglossal activity (HNA) during fictive swallowing elicited by electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve during control and following microinjection of the GABA agonist muscimol into the caudal dorsal medulla oblongata in a perfused brainstem preparation. In 20 animals, swallowing interneurons contralateral to the muscimol injection side were simultaneously recorded e..

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