Journal article

Systematic Review of Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens of Small Ruminants in Pakistan

Abdul Ghafar, Tariq Abbas, Abdul Rehman, Zia-ud-Din Sandhu, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Abdul Jabbar

Pathogens | MDPI | Published : 2020


Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDis) are a major constraint to the health and production of small ruminants in Pakistan. Despite being the subject of intermittent studies over the past few decades, comprehensive information on the epidemiology and control of TTBDis is lacking. Herein, we have systematically reviewed the current knowledge on TTBDis of small ruminants in Pakistan. Critical appraisal of the selected 71 articles published between 1947 to 2020 revealed that morphological examination had been the most widely used method for the identification of TTBDis in Pakistan. Tick fauna comprise at least 40 species, mainly belonging to Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma and Rhipicephalus. The prevale..

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University of Melbourne Researchers