Journal article

A comprehensive meta-analysis of the self-serving bias in schizophrenia spectrum disorders compared to non-clinical subjects.

Hendrik Müller, Linda T Betz, Andreas Bechdolf

Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews | Published : 2021


We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to investigate the self-serving bias SSB in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) to examine its specificity for persecutory delusions, paranoia, and to explore sources of heterogeneity in previous findings. We included 56 studies with n = 2501 patients with SSD and n = 2601 non-clinical controls in the main random-effects model using Hedges' g. Data quality and risk of bias were assessed. Results showed that SSB was a function of the method of measurement, and the cultural background of the participants, thereby identifying important sources of heterogeneity in measuring SSB in patients with SSD. The SSD group was somewhat more prone to SSB (g = 0..

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