Journal article

Neutron Star Extreme Matter Observatory: A kilohertz-band gravitational-wave detector in the global network

K Ackley, VB Adya, P Agrawal, P Altin, G Ashton, M Bailes, E Baltinas, A Barbuio, D Beniwal, C Blair, D Blair, GN Bolingbroke, V Bossilkov, S Shachar Boublil, DD Brown, BJ Burridge, J Calderon Bustillo, J Cameron, H Tuong Cao, JB Carlin Show all

PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2020

Abstract

Gravitational waves from coalescing neutron stars encode information about nuclear matter at extreme densities, inaccessible by laboratory experiments. The late inspiral is influenced by the presence of tides, which depend on the neutron star equation of state. Neutron star mergers are expected to often produce rapidly rotating remnant neutron stars that emit gravitational waves. These will provide clues to the extremely hot post-merger environment. This signature of nuclear matter in gravitational waves contains most information in the 2–4 kHz frequency band, which is outside of the most sensitive band of current detectors. We present the design concept and science case for a Neutron Star E..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence


Awarded by ARC Future Fellowships


Awarded by ARC


Awarded by Research Committee of the Chinese University of Hong Kong


Funding Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Matt Evans and the anonymous referee for valuable comments on the manuscript. This work was supported through Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence CE170100004, ARC Future Fellowships FT150100281, FT160100112, and FT190100574, ARC Discovery Project DP180103155, and the Direct Grant, Project 4053406, from the Research Committee of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.