Journal article

'An open secret': Public housing and downward raiding in Rio de Janeiro

Jeff Garmany, John Burdick



This article examines a case of urban displacement currently underway in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In some respects, this case represents a classic example of what researchers call ‘downward raiding’: a type of urban displacement whereby low-income housing is exploited by higher-income groups. Yet, in other respects, it also raises important questions about the ways urban displacement happens in public housing, as well as how downward raiding operates on the ground in cities. By exploring these questions, this article aims to accomplish two goals: first, to investigate an overlooked and often hidden form of urban displacement that, in this case, coincides with a large-scale, public–pri..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by National Science Foundation

Awarded by Economic and Social Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was made possible thanks to support from the National Science Foundation (1632145) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/P007635/1).