Journal article

B lymphocytes and Epstein-Barr virus: The lesson of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders

Riccardo Dolcetti

Autoimmunity Reviews | ELSEVIER | Published : 2007

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human gamma-herpes virus that establishes a life-long asymptomatic infection in immunocompetent hosts by colonizing memory B lymphocytes and hijacking cellular signaling pathways that regulate antigen-dependent B-cell activation and differentiation. In patients with solid organ or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the defect in EBV-specific immune responses may allow the outgrowth of EBV-carrying B lymphocytes that may give rise to a spectrum of different clinico-pathologic entities encompassed by the term post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). EBV-driven immortalization of B-cells is mediated by the cooperative activity of ..

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