Enhanced structure and function of human pluripotent stem cell-derived beta-cells cultured on extracellular matrix.
Reena Singh, Louise Cottle, Thomas Loudovaris, Di Xiao, Pengyi Yang, Helen E Thomas, Melkam A Kebede, Peter Thorn
Stem Cells Transl Med | Published : 2021
The differentiation of human stem cells into insulin secreting beta-like cells holds great promise to treat diabetes. Current protocols drive stem cells through stages of directed differentiation and maturation and produce cells that secrete insulin in response to glucose. Further refinements are now needed to faithfully phenocopy the responses of normal beta cells. A critical factor in normal beta cell behavior is the islet microenvironment which plays a central role in beta cell survival, proliferation, gene expression and secretion. One important influence on native cell responses is the capillary basement membrane. In adult islets, each beta cell makes a point of contact with basement me..View full abstract