Journal article

MRGPRX2 activation in mast cells by neuromuscular blocking agents and other agonists: Modulation by sugammadex

Nithya A Fernandopulle, Stephanie S Zhang, Paul F Soeding, Graham A Mackay

Clinical & Experimental Allergy | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular-blocking agents (NMBAs) can cause both IgE-dependent and IgE-independent anaphylactic reactions, with activation of the mast cell receptor MRGPRX2 being important to the latter. Sugammadex, a reversal agent for certain aminosteroid NMBAs, has been proposed as an antidote for these anaphylactic events with conflicting outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We further characterize the involvement of MRGPRX2 in NMBA-induced mast cell activation and determine how this is influenced by sugammadex. We then apply these in vitro results to infer the possible utility of sugammadex in the acute management of non-IgE-dependent anaphylaxis. METHODS: The LAD2 human mast cell line and a MRGPRX2 kn..

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University of Melbourne Researchers