Journal article

Body dysmorphic disorder: a treatment synthesis and consensus on behalf of the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders and the Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders Network of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology.

David Castle, Francesca Beilharz, Katharine A Phillips, Vlasios Brakoulias, Lynne M Drummond, Eric Hollander, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Stefano Pallanti, Samuel R Chamberlain, Susan L Rossell, David Veale, Sabine Wilhelm, Michael Van Ameringen, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Jose M Menchon, Naomi A Fineberg

International Clinical Psychopharmacology | Published : 2021


Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with a perceived appearance flaw or flaws that are not observable to others. BDD is associated with distress and impairment of functioning. Psychiatric comorbidities, including depression, social anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are common and impact treatment. Treatment should encompass psychoeducation, particularly addressing the dangers associated with cosmetic procedures, and may require high doses of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors* (SSRI*) and protracted periods to establish full benefit. If there is an inadequate response to SSRIs, various adjunctive medications can be employed including atypical anti..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by National Institute for Health Research (Department of Health)

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