Assessing the impact of smoking on the health and productivity of the working-age Indonesian population using modelling.
Regina PU Satyana, Regina E Uli, Dianna Magliano, Ella Zomer, Danny Liew, Zanfina Ademi
BMJ Open | Published : 2020
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of smoking in the working-age Indonesian population in terms of costs, years of life, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and productivity-adjusted life years (PALYs) lost. METHODS: Life table modelling of Indonesian smokers aged 15-54 years, followed up until 55 years (retirement age). Contemporary data on demographics, all-cause mortality, population attributable fractions and prevalence of smoking were derived from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. The quality of life and reduction in productivity due to smoking were derived from published sources. The analysis was repeated but with the assumption that the cohorts were non-smokers. The dif..View full abstract