Journal article

Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors in Papua New Guinea: A systematic review

Patricia Rarau, Shuaijun Guo, Shaira Nicole Baptista, Justin Pulford, Barbara McPake, Brian Oldenburg

SAGE Open Medicine | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2020


Introduction: The mortality associated with non-communicable diseases has increased significantly in most countries in the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region over the last 20 years, as have the underlying risk factors. This study aimed to collate evidence on the prevalence of four major non-communicable diseases and their risk factors in Papua New Guinea in order to inform appropriate policy for their prevention and management. Methods: We performed a systematic review of Papua New Guinea-based population prevalence studies of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory diseases, and cancers, as well as non-communicable disease risk factors published ..

View full abstract


Funding Acknowledgements

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was carried out as part of the first author's PhD studentship, supported by a scholarship from the Nossal Scholarship for Global Health sponsored by the International SOS.