Journal article

Physiological responses to facemask application in newborns immediately after birth

Vincent D Gaertner, Christoph Martin Ruegger, Eoin O'Currain, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis, Laila Springer

ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD-FETAL AND NEONATAL EDITION | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Application of a face mask may induce apnoea and bradycardia, possibly via the trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR). We aimed to describe rates of apnoea and bradycardia in term and late-preterm infants following facemask application during neonatal stabilisation and compare the effects of first facemask application with subsequent applications. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of a prospective, randomised trial comparing two face masks. SETTING: Single-centre study in the delivery room PATIENTS: Infants>34 weeks gestational age at birth METHODS: Resuscitations were video recorded. Airway flow and pressure were measured using a flow sensor. The effect of first and subsequent facemask applicatio..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council Program


Awarded by Endeavour Research Fellowship (Australia)


Awarded by German Research Society (DFG)


Awarded by intramural TUFF Habilitation Program (TUFF)


Awarded by Swiss National Science Foundation


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council Program (grant 2017-2021; App 1113902, App ID 1059111 (to PGD) and App ID 1073533 (to COFK)). VDG received an Endeavour Research Fellowship (Australia) (ERF_RDDH_5276_2016). LS received a research fellowship from the German Research Society (DFG-grant LO 2162/1-1) and intramural TUFF Habilitation Program (TUFF (2459-0-0)). CMR received an early Postdoc Mobility fellowship from the Swiss National Science Foundation (P2ZHP3_161749).