Journal article

Coxiella burnetii in the environment: A systematic review and critical appraisal of sampling methods

AM Hasanthi Abeykoon, Nicholas Joshua Clark, Ricardo Jorge Soares Magalhaes, Gemma Anne Vincent, Mark Anthony Stevenson, Simon Matthew Firestone, Anke Katrin Wiethoelter

ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. Its primary mode of transmission is by inhalation of aerosols originating from infected animals and contaminated environments. The organism has a very low infective dose, can persist in the environment for long periods of time and large outbreaks fuelled by windborne spread have been previously reported. Detection of C. burnetii in the environment is therefore important during human and animal outbreak investigations and for the control and prevention of Q fever. This study aimed to systematically review and critically appraise the published literature on sampling methods used to detect C. burnetii from d..

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