Journal article

Myopia

Paul N Baird, Seang-Mei Saw, Carla Lanca, Jeremy A Guggenheim, Earl L Smith III, Xiangtian Zhou, Kyoko-Ohno Matsui, Pei-Chang Wu, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Audrey Chia, Mohamad Rosman, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Ryan Man, Mingguang He

Nature Reviews Disease Primers | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2020

Abstract

Myopia, also known as short-sightedness or near-sightedness, is a very common condition that typically starts in childhood. Severe forms of myopia (pathologic myopia) are associated with a risk of other associated ophthalmic problems. This disorder affects all populations and is reaching epidemic proportions in East Asia, although there are differences in prevalence between countries. Myopia is caused by both environmental and genetic risk factors. A range of myopia management and control strategies are available that can treat this condition, but it is clear that understanding the factors involved in delaying myopia onset and slowing its progression will be key to reducing the rapid rise in..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by National Medical Research Council (NRMC)


Awarded by A*STAR World Without Disease


Awarded by Clinician Scientist Award


Awarded by Transition Award


Awarded by National Institutes of Health


Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China


Awarded by Fight for Sight and Welsh Government Project Grant


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors thank Ian Morgan (Australian National University) for his tremendous help on preparing this manuscript. This study was supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) through project grant 1034329 and a Senior Research Fellowship (1138585 to P.N.B.); the National Medical Research Council (NRMC) Grant NMRC/CIRG/1446/2017 and A*STAR World Without Disease (Grant JRBMRR 151701) (S.-M.S. and C.L.); Clinician Scientist Award (Senior; NMRC/CSA-SI/0009/2016) (E.L.L.) and Transition Award (MOH-TA19may-0002) (R.M.); National Institutes of Health Grant EY-03611 and funds from the Brien Holden Vision Institute (E.L.S.); grants 81800860, 81422007 and 81371047 from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (X.Z.); Fight for Sight and Welsh Government Project Grant (Ref: 24WG201) (J.A.G.); and Fundamental Research Funds of the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, the Research Accelerator Program at the University of Melbourne and the CERA Foundation in Australia (M.H.).