Journal article

Reduction of COPD Hyperinflation by Endobronchial Valves Improves Intercostal Muscle Morphology on Ultrasound

Peter Wallbridge, Mark Hew, Selina M Parry, Louis Irving, Daniel Steinfort

The International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease | DOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Parasternal intercostal ultrasound morphology reflects spirometric COPD severity. Whether this relates to the systemic nature of COPD or occurs in response to hyperinflation is unknown. We aimed to assess changes in ultrasound parasternal intercostal muscle quantity and quality (echogenicity) in response to relief of hyperinflation. We hypothesised that reduction in hyperinflation following endobronchial valve (EBV) insertion would increase ultrasound parasternal thickness and decrease echogenicity. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, eight patients with severe COPD underwent evaluation of health-related quality of life, lung function, and sonographic thickn..

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