Journal article

Why Is an Early Start of Training Related to Musical Skills in Adulthood? A Genetically Informative Study

Laura W Wesseldijk, Miriam A Mosing, Fredrik Ullen

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

Experts in domains such as music or sports often start training early. It has been suggested that this may reflect a sensitive period in childhood for skill acquisition. However, it could be that familial factors (e.g., genetics) contribute to the association. Here, we examined the effect of age of onset of musical training on musical aptitude and achievement in professional musicians (n = 310) and twins (n = 7,786). In line with previous literature, results showed that an earlier age of onset was associated with higher aptitude and achievement in both samples. After we adjusted for lifetime practice hours, age of onset was associated only with aptitude (p .14). Twin analyses showed that th..

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Grants

Awarded by Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation


Awarded by Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation


Awarded by Swedish Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (M11-0451:1), the Sven and Dagmar Salen Foundation, and the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation (MAW 2018.0017). The Swedish Twin Registry is managed by the Karolinska Institutet and receives funding through the Swedish Research Council (2017-00641).