Journal article

Malnutrition in cirrhosis: More food for thought

Brooke Chapman, Marie Sinclair, Paul J Gow, Adam G Testro

WORLD JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY | BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC | Published : 2020

Abstract

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in liver cirrhosis and its presence carries important prognostic implications. The clinical conditions and pathophysiological mechanisms that cause malnutrition in cirrhosis are multiple and interrelated. Anorexia and liver decompensation symptoms lead to poor dietary intake; metabolic changes characterised by elevated energy expenditure, reduced glycogen storage, an accelerated starvation response and protein catabolism result in muscle and fat wasting; and, malabsorption renders the cirrhotic patient unable to fully absorb or utilise food that has been consumed. Malnutrition is therefore a considerable challenge to manage effectively, particularly as liver ..

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